restaining a wood deck - woman staining wood deck with a roller

How We Restained Our Wood Deck | Deck Cleaning, Prep and Staining

We just finished restaining our wood deck and wow it was a lot of work!! But the end result is so worth it. Restaining a wood deck will totally transform your outdoor space – it has definitely improved ours!

Follow along to learn what to do (and what not to do) from our deck restaining project.

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wood deck clean, prep and restain

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Our First Attempt at Deck Staining

We added a ground level deck onto the back of our home about 3 years ago. We had a newborn at the time and my husband did the bulk of the work to get this big deck built. (Oh, how I love him!)

After the deck was built we waited about 6 months before staining it. This is what had been recommended to us and so that’s the advice we followed without hesitation.

As it turns out, we should have done some more research. From the beginning it seemed like the stain wasn’t soaking into the deck properly, but we kept going anyways.

Three years later – look at this thing!

wood deck with faded stain

The stain we used had a 5 year expected lifespan and should not have looked like this after 3 years. It was coming off so badly that it would rub off onto our feet when we were just walking across the deck!

What went wrong

While we’re not sure on the exact reason our first attempt at the staining the deck was a flop, we’ve got some guesses.

  • Moisture: I think the main reason our stain didn’t adhere properly was that the boards just weren’t dry enough. We used pressure treated pine which should have been fine to stain after sitting for 6 months. However, our deck boards clearly weren’t. We should have noticed that the stain wasn’t soaking into the wood when we started and stopped to wait another few months. Instead, we powered through it.
  • Humidity: A factor in our boards retaining moisture for so long is most likely the extreme humidity in Coastal North Carolina where we live. We installed the deck in the spring and stained it in the early fall, at the peak of heat and humidity. In addition to affecting the moisture within the boards, the humidity also affected the dry time of the stain, making it hard to tell if it was soaking into the wood properly.

If you’re planning to stain a new deck, I recommend paying close attention to how the wood is taking the stain. Is the stain soaking into the wood or sitting on top? If it’s sitting on top of the wood, that means there’s probably too much moisture in the wood to accept the stain right now. Put away the stain and try again in a few months. And save yourself all the work I’m about to describe below.

Restaining our Wood Deck

This time around, after lots of research and preparation we were able to successfully stain our deck. We learned a lot from our mistakes with the first time we stained the deck!

Restaining Deck Timeline

This project took quite a bit longer than we expected. We thought we’d be able to do it all in a couple days, but it actually took a little over a week to complete.

When you’re planning to restain your deck, you’ll want to look for several days in the weather forecast without any projected rain. You’ll especially want to make sure there’s no rain projected for when you start applying stain and a few days after to give the stain enough time to fully dry.

Here’s how our timeline worked out for this project:

  • Day 1: Clearing all furniture off deck, pressure washing
  • Day 2: No work, let deck continue to dry from pressure washing
  • Day 3-4: Sanding
  • Day 5-6: Rain, letting deck boards dry
  • Day 7-8: Staining
  • Day 9: Move furniture back onto deck

Supplies

Prepare Deck for Restaining

Pressure Wash

The first thing we did to prep for restaining our deck was pressure washing. We borrowed a pressure washer from our neighbor and used it alongside a deck cleaner.

We started by spraying the deck cleaner onto a few boards. Then we let the cleaner sit for about 10 minutes. After it had sat for a few minutes, we rinsed it off with the pressure washer.

stain removed from wood deck with pressure washer

We got a bit overzealous with the pressure washer and ended up using way too much water pressure on the boards. It’s pretty satisfying to watch the mildew and old stain wash away, but let me suggest you try to reign it in. Trust me!

By using too much pressure on the boards, we caused the wood grain to become raised on the entire deck. After letting the deck dry for a couple days the grain was still severely raised. It uncomfortable to walk on and did not look good.

So all that fun with pressure washer turned into 2 full days of sanding the deck. Oops!

Sand

After the pressure washing incident my husband spent 2 days sanding the deck with a small orbital sander. After our first orbital sander pooped out, he ran to the store to buy a new one. I promise you that I told him to buy two sanders and I would help him. Or at least a bigger sander to save his back.

But he’s stubborn and only bought one small handheld orbital sander.

Dewalt random orbital sander

If you have a giant deck like us and it needs sanding, be smart a buy a bigger sander! Or, be even smarter and pay attention to the boards while you’re pressure washing. Be mindful of the amount of pressure you’re using and you won’t have to worry about our sanding setback.

I can’t say that I’m sad I missed out on this part of the project

Tape off Surrounding Area

The last thing we did to prepare for restaining our deck was to tape off all the areas we wanted to protect from the stain. We just used painter’s tape for this.

tape off areas to protect from stain

Since we have such a long area of the deck against our house we decided not to tape that spot. Instead, we held a piece of cardboard between the deck boards and the siding while staining to protect the siding.

Restain Deck

After all of that prep we were finally ready to start restaining our wood deck! We spent two afternoons staining the deck, but it could easily have been completed in a day if we had decided to power through.

how to restain your deck

Choosing a Stain Type

This time around we chose a high quality solid stain in a medium brown color with a 10 year projected lifespan. This stain was much thicker than other stains I’ve worked with and acts more like paint than a traditional stain.

It was really easy to work with and provided great, consistent coverage. We didn’t have to worry about the stain looking streaky or darker in some places because of our application. It dried perfectly smooth and with a perfectly consistent color.

I didn’t think I would like using a solid stain, but I loved it! It was so easy.

Additionally, of all the stain types we looked at, the solid stains had the longest projected lifespan. This was extra important to us because this whole restaining process was a pain! So it was a no brainer for us to choose the type with the longest lifespan.

Apply Stain to Deck Boards

We applied the stain using 4 inch roller brushes. We stained each board individually with the roller brush and got great coverage with just one coat of stain.

apply stain to wood deck with 4" roller

The brushes we used stated they were specifically made for using on decks and they worked pretty well. We did have a couple brushes from the pack that left behind a lot of fuzz on the deck boards. This was not ideal because we then had to go back and try to pick all of the fuzz out of the stain before it dried.

Stain Between the Boards

Once all of the deck boards were stained, we went back and stained in between the boards. This is something we had to do because the difference in color was so obvious between the dark stain on top of the deck boards and the natural wood color between the boards.

Staining between the deck boards took a bit of trial and error. The spaces are so tight that it was hard to find a way to evenly apply the stain. Eventually we decided on using foam brushes. This was definitely not a perfect method, but it worked.

use foam brush to stain between wood deck boards

To get the stain between the boards we would first dip our foam brush into the stain. Then we wedged the brush in between the boards and wiggled it as far as we could to spread the stain in between the boards.

broken foam brushes from restaining a wood deck

We went through A LOT of brushes. We were lucky to get one whole pass across the deck with the same brush.

Luckily these foam brushes are pretty cheap so I didn’t feel too guilty about ruining so many of them. Plus, getting between those boards was totally necessary to finish restaining our wood deck.

After we finished all of the in betweens, we went back with some bristle brushes to touch up any areas that still needed a bit of stain.

restaining a wood deck, completed deck

Restaining a Wood Deck

If I’m being totally honest, this project was a pain! But, look at that end result! It is such a huge improvement from the spotty deck we started with a week before. And this newly stained deck is going to last us for several years of outdoor memories.

how to refinish your wood deck

I want to hear from you!

I tried to be as detailed as possible when writing out our deck restaining process, but I’m sure there are things I’ve missed. If you have a question that I didn’t cover, please leave it in the comments below and I’ll do my best to answer it!

Good luck with your project!

6 Comments

  1. My deck currently looks like yours did before you started. I am planning on using a stain stripper and garden hose to remove the old stain. I don’t want to use a power washer. Do you think that this will work? Also, what brand of stain did you use? I think I will also gp with a solid stain.
    Thanks,
    Ron

  2. I just replaced the floor on my deck, trying to decide on a color, thinking white or gray, any suggestions..

  3. Thank you for going step by step!. We have a huge “veranda”type deck with spindles, I plan to work for 9 days??please mention the sanding and cleaning of the spindles,as well . Great job!

    1. Good luck! We don’t have any spindles on our deck – it’s all flat, but I think you would still be able to use a pressure washer to remove the existing finish. Depending on the type of stain you use to refinish the deck it will probably be easier to apply it to the spindles using a rag instead of a brush.

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